python how to check if file exists or not / directory exists or not

we know than python is the most exposing programming language in the artificial intelligence world ,so many of the using python as the primary programming language for building their applications,in some application we may come across a situation to check whether the file exists or directory exists using python. so in this section let see in python how to check if file exists or not / directory exists or not, fortunately we have python OS library function to check if file exists or not / directory exists or not. os.path.isdir is used in python to check if directory exists and os.path.exists() is used in python to check if file exists or not.

Lets See the Syntax
1) os.path.isdir() it return True or False based on if directory exists or not

#pythontest.py

import os 
print(os.path.isdir("D:/testvs"))    // Already one directory exists
print(os.path.isdir("D:/testvs2020"))  // directory not exists

OUT PUT

True
False



In python how to check if file exists or directory exists

2) os.path.exists() it return True or False based on if file exists or not

#pythontest.py

import os
print(os.path.exists("D:/testvs2020/pythontest.py"))
print(os.path.exists("D:/testvs/pythontest.py"))

OUT PUT

False
True


In python how to check if file exists or not

How to create a small project using Django

In the last tutorial we learned how to install a Django so in this section we are going to discuss how to create a small project using Django. we already created Django admin users using the Django manage.py createsuperuser .In this “create a small project using Django” tutorial we are going to create a small blog that allow users to post their thoughts one by one lets see in detail

Steps to create a small project using Django

1) Create your app first

#python manage.py startapp tutorialshore

How to create a small project using Django step 1

See the automatically created folder structure

How to create a small project using Django step 1 project structure

__init__.py : package files
admin.py : This files is help to make the changes in the admin interface
models.py : This is one of the important files all the application are stored in this files
tests.py : Create your tests here.
views.py : This is another important files all the views interface managed by this files

 

2) We have to change URL pattern open myblog =>myblog=>urls.py

Add below code

from django.urls import include
from django.urls import path
urlpatterns += [
    path('tutorialshore/', include('tutorialshore.urls')),
]

Then urls.py become

"""myblog URL Configuration

The `urlpatterns` list routes URLs to views. For more information please see:
    https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.1/topics/http/urls/
Examples:
Function views
    1. Add an import:  from my_app import views
    2. Add a URL to urlpatterns:  path('', views.home, name='home')
Class-based views
    1. Add an import:  from other_app.views import Home
    2. Add a URL to urlpatterns:  path('', Home.as_view(), name='home')
Including another URLconf
    1. Import the include() function: from django.urls import include, path
    2. Add a URL to urlpatterns:  path('blog/', include('blog.urls'))
"""
from django.contrib import admin
from django.urls import path

urlpatterns = [
    path('admin/', admin.site.urls),
	
]
from django.urls import include
from django.urls import path
urlpatterns += [
    path('tutorialshore/', include('tutorialshore.urls')),
]

3) Create a new urls.py file inside tutorialshore folder and add below lines

 

from django.urls import path
from . import views

urlpatterns = [
    path('', views.index, name='index'),
    path('post/', views.post, name='post'),
  
]

4)  Open view.py files add below code

 

from django.shortcuts import render
from django.http import HttpResponse

def post(request):
 text = """<h1>welcome to my post View !</h1>"""
 return HttpResponse(text)
 
def index(request):
 text = """<h1>welcome to my blog!</h1>"""
 return HttpResponse(text)

# Create your views here.



5) Run # python manage.py runserver

5) Open http://127.0.0.1:8000/tutorialshore/ in your browser

 

How to create a small project using Django step 2

6) open http://127.0.0.1:8000/tutorialshore/post/

How to create a small project using Django step 3

Next => How to create new admin user or super user in Django python

How to verify signature in an Aadhaar card online

Nowadays Aadhaar is the important proof for all the government related applications when you download Aadhaar form UPI website you will get a PDF formatted Aadhaar card with signature not verified,you can see the signature not verified section just left side of the bar code in Aadhaar card.so let we check How to verify signature in an Aadhaar card online

see the given steps to verify signature in an Aadhaar card online

1) Install adobe acrobat reader dc in your system ( you can download online)

2) Open PDF of the Aadhaar card in adobe acrobat reader ( Right click on your files)

How to verify signature in an Aadhaar card online step 1

3) Right click on Signature Not verified Section

How to verify signature in an Aadhaar card online step 2

4) Click On Signature Properties

How to verify signature in an Aadhaar card online step 3

5) Click on certificate

How to verify signature in an Aadhaar card online step 4

6) Click on trust tab =>Add to trusted certificates and click ok

How to verify signature in an Aadhaar card online step 5

After adding this you can see a message in the sign properties section “signature is VALID Signed by DS UNIQUE Identification Authority Of India 02
A valid signature in an Aadhaar card will look like below it shows a tick mark with signature valid Message on it.

valid signature in an Aadhaar card

Moving WordPress website from one domain to another domain

Sometimes we need to move WordPress website from one domain to another domain, in this tutorial we will explain what are the main steps we have to do before moving WordPress website from one domain to another domain . so let have a look on it steps by step.suppose we move WordPress site from https://www.tutorialshore.com to http://percentagetool.com

Steps 1

Change wp_option table siteurl and home value

WordPress website from one domain to another domain

Step 2

Login to Admin side open Permalink Settings
Settings => Permalink Settings

Click Save Changes

WordPress website from one domain to another domain step2